How To Perform Umrah Hajj

It is important for all of us who intend to perform Umrah to have a deep knowledge of all the rules and regulations for performing Umrah. In-sha-Allah, you can know the details about how to perform Umrah by reading our complete article.
The rules for performing Umrah can be divided into five parts –
  1. Ihram (obligation/Farz)
  2. Tawaf (obligation/Farz)
  3. The two rakat prayers of Tawaf (Wajib).
  4. Sa’ee (Wajib)
  5. Shaving the head or cutting the hair short (Wajib)

1. Ihram:

What to do before wearing Ihram clothes:
It is Sunnah to clean the body hair, cut the nails, take a bath and apply perfume on the body before putting on the Ihram clothes, but not on the body or on the Ihram clothes after putting on the Ihram clothes.
Ihram clothes for men:
Men wear two pieces of unstitched cloth as Ihram clothes, one on the lower part of the body like a lungi (the smaller piece) and the other on the body like a chador (the bigger piece). No hat can be worn on the head or anything covering the head, men cannot wear any sandals that cover the back of the foot.
Ihram clothes for women:
Women can wear any garment with stitching for Ihram. But women cannot wear niqab and gloves in the state of Ihram, but cover their faces with a large veil or similar cloth so that strangers cannot see their faces.
Where to wear Ihram clothes:
Since there is no separate Ihram dress for women, they wear the desired dress from home and men can wear Ihram clothes anywhere before Miqat.
If traveling directly to Jeddah by flight to Makkah (Saudi Airlines and Biman Bangladesh Airlines) you can go to the prayer room before boarding the flight from home or after completing airport immigration and put on Ihram. And if traveling on a transit flight (Emirates Airlines, Kuwait Airlines, Qatar Airlines, Salam Airlines, Oman Airlines etc.) then you can wear Ihram from the prayer room or Namaz place of the transit airport.
Apart from some flights of Saudi Airlines, there is usually no separate place inside the flight for prayers, so it is difficult to wear Ihram clothes inside the flight.
Those who will first go to Madinah and then come to Makkah by car or train or flight to perform Umrah can wear Ihram clothes from the hotel or home in Madinah, but if traveling to Makkah by car, it is better to take ablution in Mecca and put on Ihram clothes on the way. Mika has a very nice arrangement of separate baths for men and women.


Miqat means the boundary of a place i.e. the place from which one has to intend to perform Umrah or wear Ihram is the Miqat. Remember, Ihram does not mean wearing Ihram clothes, Ihram bandha is done after making the intention of Umrah from Miqat.
When flying from any country or from Madinah to Makkah to Jeddah, when it is announced from the flight that – “We will cross Miqat in a short while”, one should make the intention of Umrah during the flight in the sky by estimating the time. The announcement was made approximately 50 minutes before the flight landed and the flight crossed Miqat approximately 30 minutes before landing.
And if one wants to go to Madinah first and perform Umrah from Madinah by car or train to Makkah – after crossing the road for about 20 minutes by car one will find Zulhulaifa or Birre Ali Miqat and perform Umrah from there. But in case of going to Makkah by train, the train does not go to Makkah through Bir Ali Miqat and the Miqat guide usually does not give any announcements or instructions, so make the intention of Umrah 5/10 minutes after the train leaves Madinah.
Men have to recite the Niyat of Umrah orally (in a voice that can be heard by oneself). But women will make up their minds. The intention is –
لَبَّيْكَ اَللّّهُمَّ عُمْرَةً
Meaning: Allah I intend to perform Umrah.
It should be noted that if one crosses the Miqat without intending to perform Umrah, he must return to the nearest Miqat and perform Umrah with the intention. And if it doesn’t, give a breath. Again, after putting on Ihram or intending to perform Umrah, there are some forbidden acts which must be done. Dum Deya – Sacrifice a goat or dumba or any animal worthy of sacrifice and distribute the entire meat among the poor in Masjidul Haram in Makkah. The Umrah pilgrim himself cannot eat the meat of this Qurbani.
Prohibited activities during Ihram:
After putting on Ihram until the end of Umrah, some activities should be avoided. Prohibited acts during Ihram are –
  • Cutting or plucking the hair or fur of any part of the body
  • cut nails
  • Apply scented oils or perfumes
  • Indulging in spousal intercourse or engaging in sexually suggestive behavior or speech to hunt
  • Killing any animal
  • Proposing marriage or making any such dalliances.
  • Men are covered with hats or something
  • For men, wearing shoes that cover the back of the foot
  • Cutting, tearing leaves or uprooting any tree within the Haram area
  • Get into a fight
  • In the case of men, wearing any garment with stitching


Recite Talbiyah more and more after making the intention of Umrah. Talbiya should be recited individually and not in groups. The men will recite the talbiya in a slightly louder voice so that each other can be heard, but the women will recite it to themselves.
لَبَّيْكَ اَللّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ اِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ
Meaning: I am present O Allah! I am here, I am here to answer your call. You have no partner, surely all praise and wealth is Yours and sole dominion is Yours, You have no partner.

2. Tawaf:

How to start Tawaf:
After reaching the Holy Makkah before starting the Tawaf, if possible take a bath at your hotel or home, this is a Mustahab act. Enter the Masjidul Haram with the right foot and recite the dua for entering the mosque –
بِسْمِ اللهِ وَ الصّلَةُ وَ السَّلَامُ عَلَى رَسُوْلِ اللهِ عُوْذُ بِاللهِ الْعَضِيمْ وَ بِوَجْهِهِ الْكَرِيْمِ وَ سُلْطانِهِ الْقَدِيمِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ اَ للهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِىْ اَبْوَابَ رَحَمَتِكَ
Meaning – I am starting in the name of Allah. May peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah! Forgive all my sins. Open the doors of your mercy for me.
Then stop reciting the Talbiyah when you reach the Mataf (open Tawaf place around the Kaaba). Now going to the corner of the Ka’bah where Hajre Aswad is, men will put on the Ihram cloth of the upper part of the body (called Ijtiba) with the right shoulder open and both men and women will start Tawaf with the right hand pointing along Hajre Aswad and keeping the Ka’ba on the left side. At the beginning of the seven rounds of Tawaf, go along Hazret Aswad like this and raise your right hand and make a gesture (you cannot kiss the hand by pointing) and while making a gesture say –
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ
اَللهُ اَكْبَر
Although it is Sunnah to start Tawaf by kissing Hazre Aswad or touching it with the right hand, but due to overcrowding it is generally not possible anymore, if possible, start Tawaf with a kiss but it should not be done by pushing others in the crowd.
A total of seven rounds are performed in a Tawaf and each round starts from the corner along Hajre Aswad and ends at the corner along Hajre Aswad.
Men walk the first three rounds with small steps (called ramal) and walk normally for the remaining four rounds, while women walk normally for all seven rounds.
In each round of Tawaf touch the corner before Hajre Aswad which is called Rukne Yamani Corner, because it is Sunnah to touch it at this time, if it is not possible to touch it with hand then Tawaf should be continued. Remember, Rukne Yamani cannot be kissed.
In this way, after completing seven rounds of Tawaf, cover the right shoulder with the Ihram cloth worn by men, i.e. wear it like a chador.
It should be noted that after completing the seventh round of Tawaf, no hand gestures or hand kissing is allowed, and while performing Tawaf, one should never perform Tawaf through Hijre Ismail or Hatim, because Hijre Ismail is a part of the Kaaba and Tawaf cannot be performed inside the Kaaba.
Dua of Tawaf
Any dua can be made during Tawaf. However, there is a Du’a when doing Tawaf from Rukne Yamani Corner to Hazret Aswad Corner, it is Sunnah to make this Du’a. Two are –
رَبَّنَا اٰتِنَا فِى الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَّفِى الْاٰخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَّقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
Meaning: O my Lord! Grant me good in this world, grant me good in the Hereafter, and save me from Hell.

3. Tawaf prayer

After completing Tawaf, two rakat prayers (Wajib) of Tawaf must be performed. There is no prohibited time for performing this prayer, it can be performed at any time. It is better to perform this prayer with Ibrahim in front of Kaaba and Maqam. But if it is not possible to pray at the place of prayer due to the crowd, then it will be possible to pray at any place of Masjidul Haram. Note that women cannot pray standing with other men or men standing with women.
In this wajib prayer of Tawaf, it is better to recite Surah Kafirun in the first rak’ah along with Surah Fatiha and Surah Ikhlas in the second rakat.
After performing the Tawaf prayer, stand and say Bismillah and drink Zamzam water. It is Sunnah to drink Zamzam water at this time and after drinking it, you can take some water in your hand and rub it on your head, face and body for blessing. Next to Mataf there is Zamzam drinking water facility.

4. Sai:

To do Sa’ee first one has to go to Safa Hill, there is one Dua while climbing Safa Hill, the Dua is –
إِنَّالصَّفَاوَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَائِرِاللهِ
Meaning: Surely Safa and Marwa are among the signs of Allah.
After reaching the Safa hill, face towards the Kaaba and raise both hands as in prayer, recite the following Dua, which our Prophet (PBUH) recited, before starting the Dua say “Allahu Akbar” three times and then say –
لَا اِلَهَ اِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ زَ وَعْدَهُ وَنَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ وَهَزَامَ الْاَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ ـ
Meaning: There is no true deity except Allah, He has no partner, to Him belongs all dominion and praise; He has power over all things. There is no true deity except Allah. He who fulfills His promise, helps His servant, and He alone defeats the combined forces.
After doing this dua, recite the dua of your choice.
In this way read the previous dua in Arabic for the second time and then make the dua of your choice. No more saying “Allahu Akbar” before starting the second Du’aati.
Again read the previous Dua in Arabic for the third time and make the Dua of your choice. This time also no need to say “Allahu Akbar” before starting du’aati.
It should be noted that there is nothing wrong with reciting some parts of this dua, but since this is a place for accepting dua, make more dua like yourself here.
After completing the Du’a, Sa’i should be performed, i.e. seven rounds between Safa and Marwa hills.
After finishing the dua of Safa Hill, start walking towards Marwa Hill in a normal way, after a short walk you will see some area marked with green lights, in this green marked area, men should pretend to run a little faster but women should walk normally. Once the green marked area is over, walk to Marwa Hill again thinking it is normal. Thus Sai’s first cycle will end. There is no specific dua while doing Sai, at this time you can make any dua of your choice.
After reaching the Marwa hill, facing the Kaaba, raising both hands as in prayer, recite dua three times like the Safa hill.
After making du’a, start walking again from Marwa towards Safa hill, men will walk a little faster in the green marked area as before and when the green marked area is finished, walk to Marwa hill as normal. Thus Sai’s second cycle will end.
In the same way a total of seven rounds must be performed and the seventh round of Sa’i will be completed by going to Marwa Hill.
It should be noted that only the first du’a at Safa Hill and the first time at Marwa Hill is required, but in the last five cycles one does not have to stand at Safa or Marwa Hill. But make dua according to your choice while saying Saee.

5. Shave the head

On completion of Sai, men shave their heads or trim the hair around the head evenly, but it is better to shave or shave the head. Remember, when cutting hair short, do not cut a little bit from any part of the head but cut the same amount from the four sides of the head. Women gather all the hair together and cut off one inch of the tip of the hair either by themselves or by a Maharam man.
In this way the Umrah will be completed In-sha-Allah and the forbidden acts of the Ihram period will now become halal.

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